From Grip to Follow-through: A Comprehensive Guide to Golf Swing Basics

Jerry Gibson

June 21, 2023

Understanding the Importance of Golf Grip and Hand Positioning


In all its seemingly tranquil glory, golf is an intricate dance of precision, power, and balance. Grasping the game’s essence begins with mastering the fundamentals of a golf swing, from grip to follow-through.

Securing the Grip

The initial point of contact between a golfer and the club is the grip. It can significantly impact the control of the clubface and the swing path. Three primary grip styles exist – interlocking, overlapping, and baseball grip – and choosing the right style is subjective to comfort and hand size. No matter the type, a good grip should rest the club mainly against the base of the fingers, not in the palm. The grip should be firm yet relaxed enough to permit a natural wrist hinge.

Perfecting the Stance and Posture

Correct stance and posture set the stage for an effective golf swing. Position your feet shoulder-width apart, slightly bend your knees, and tilt your spine forward from the hips, much like a basketball player anticipating a pass. This athletic stance is a conduit for a smooth, rotational body movement.

Aligning for Accuracy

Alignment is an overlooked aspect of the golf swing. The feet, hips, and shoulders should parallel the target line, and the clubface should align with the target. Precise alignment enhances the chances of a solid shot, improving direction control.

The Backswing: Setting Up the Stage

The backswing, or the takeaway, lays the foundation for the swing. Keep the clubface square to the target line as you turn your body. The aim is to create a broad arc with the left arm (for right-handed players) remaining straight and the wrists hinging so the club points skyward at the top of the swing.

The Downswing: Unleashing the Power

The downswing begins with the hips and lower body rotation towards the target, followed by the torso, arms, and hands. This kinetic chain transfers energy from the ground, through the body, and into the club head for a powerful impact.

Impact: The Moment of Truth

At impact, the clubface should squarely strike the ball in line with the target. The body weight shifts to the front foot, with the hips and shoulders slightly open to the target. The force of the downswing now gets transferred to the ball.

The Follow-Through: Completing the Swing

A proper follow-through completes the swing. Allow the momentum to lift the club and circle it around your body, bringing you onto the toe of your front foot and rotating your chest towards the target. This action maintains balance and rhythm, sealing a perfect swing.


Learning the fundamentals of the golf swing can significantly enhance your game, but practice and applying these principles are crucial. Also, remember that there’s no one-size-fits-all golf swing – each golfer will have minor differences based on their physical attributes and skills. Find a swing that marries these fundamentals with your style for a smooth, efficient, and reliable golf shot. Mastering golf is a test of patience and practice, but a sound understanding of the swing fundamentals propels you further on the path to golfing excellence.